List of abbreviations
Vocabulary
of micros-
copic
anatomy
specialist terms
explained in
English +
German

Every attempt was made to provide correct information and labelling, however any liability for eventual errors or incompleteness is rejected!

dieser Seite

Editor:
Dr. med.
H. Jastrow


Conditions
of use
Overview liver  (Hepar):
Pages with explanations are linked to the text below the images if available! (Labelling is in German)
An entire English version of this page is in preparation!
hepatocytes, ITO-
cell, sinusoid (monkey)
hepatocytes, Kupffer-
and ITO cell (monkey)
Disse's space
(monkey)
hepatocyte (monkey) Disse's space and
sinusoid (monkey)
peroxisome, glycogen
granules (monkey)
peroxisome
(rat)
Kupffer cell (rat) ITO-cell (rat) bile canaliculus
(monkey)
bile duct (monkey) alpha-glycogen
granules (rat)
endothelial cell of central vein
+ fibrocyte (rat)
cells close to bile
duct (rat)
sinusoid, Disse's space,
Kupffer cells (rat)*
Kupffer- and ITO cell
(rat)*
bile capillary between 2 ad-
jacent hepatocytes (rat)*
Macula adhaerens in
between hepatocytes (rat)
reticular fibres in
Disse's space (rat)
tight junction between 2
hepatocytes (rat)
hepatocyte 1 (rat)* 
Disse's space, apical 
cytoplasm (rat)
cytoplasm: multilam-
mellar body (rat) 
cytoplasm: dark Mito-
chondria of crista type (rat)
cytoplasm: peroxysome
(rat)
nuclear pores of a
hepatocyte (rat)
Zonula occludens in between
2 hepatocytes (rat)
hepatocyte 2 (rat) ITO cell 2 (rat) ITO cell 3 (rat) fenestrated sins endo-
thelial cell 1 (rat)
Kupffer cell 2
(rat)*
Herring canal,
endothelial cells (rat)*
hepatocyte 3 (rat)*
ITO cell 4 (rat) fenestrated endothelial
cell of a sinusoid (rat)
bile duct (rat) Glisson's triad: arteriole
+ bile duct (rat)*
Kupffer cell 3
(rat)*
detail of Kupffer cell 2:
large phagolysosome
granulocyte, Kupffer cell +
endothelial cell (rat)*
hepatocyte 3 with excellently
preserved cytoplasm (rat)
detail 1: cytoplasm with
RER, SER + mitochondria
detail 2: other cyto-
plasmatic region
detail 3: smooth endo-
plasmic reticulum
detail 4: mitochondria
and RER
detail 5: dark mito-
chondrium of crista-type
ITO cell 5 (rat) hepatocyte 4 (rat)* detail 1: nucleus detail 2: nucleolus Kupffer cell 4 with
phagocyted erythrocytes (rat)
Kupffer cell 5 with large
phagolysosome (rat)*
Pit cell = liver specific
T-lymphocyte (rat)*
mitosis of a
hepatocyte (rat)
detail 1 thereof detail 2 with spindle fibres
(microtubuli) + organells
cell-to-cell contacts between
hepatocytes (rat)
Zonula adhaerens between
2 hepatocytes (rat)
alpha-glycogen-
granules (rat)
In der Leber (Terminologia histologica. Hepar, englisch: liver) finden sich relativ weite Kapillaren, die Sinusoide mit gefensterten Endothelzellen ohne Verschlußhäutchen (Diaphragmata). Zwischen den eigentlichen Leberzellen (Hepatocyten) kommen erweiterte
Zellzwischenräume vor, sogenannte Gallenkanälchen (Terminologia histologica: Canaliculi biliferi; englisch: Bile canaliculi), die kein eigenes Endothel besitzen und in die Herring Kanälchen am Rand von Leberläppchen münden. Vitamin A und Fett werden in den ITO-Zellen gespeichert, die stets unter dem dünnen Sinusoidendothel liegen. Die von Kupffer-Zellen sind große Freßzellen (Makrophagen), die sich im Lumen der Sinusoide aufhalten und mit einigen Füßchen im Disse-Raum verankert sind.
Der Disse-Raum ist der Raum zwischen dem Hepatocyten und den die Sinusoide auskleidenden sehr platten weit gefensterten Endothelzellen. Hier finden sich aus Kollagen Typ III bestehende retikuläre Fasern und ggf. ITO-Zellen.
Leberzellen können gelegentlich 2 Kerne aufweisen und enthalten viele Peroxisomen sowie alpha-Glykogengranula, reichlich glattes und rauhes endoplasmatisches Retikulum sowie viele dunkle Mitochondrien vom Crista-Typ.

--> bile canaliculi, bile ducts and gall bladder
--> Electron microscopic atlas Overview
--> Homepage of the workshop


Some images were kindly provided by Prof. H. Wartenberg or Dr. E. Schiller; other images, page & copyright H. Jastrow.