List of abbreviations
Vocabulary
of micros-
copic
anatomy
specialist terms
explained in
English +
German

Every attempt was made to provide correct information and labelling, however any liability for eventual errors or incompleteness is rejected!

dieser Seite

Editor:
Dr. med.
H. Jastrow


Conditions
of use
Overview Plasma cells (Plasmocyti):
Pages with explanations (still in German) are linked to the text below the images when available
plasma cell 1 from the pharyngeal tonsil
(Tonsilla pharyngea, human)
Detail:
cytoplasm
plasma cell 2
Tonsilla pharyngea (human)
Detail 1:
cytoplasm
Detail 2:
RER
Detail 3:
RER
Detail 4:
mitochondria (crista-type)
plasma cell 3
Tonsilla pharyngea (human)
plasma cell  4
T. pharyngea (human)
detail: nucleus, RER,
Golgi-apparatus
plasma cell  5 from 
T. pharyngea (human)
detail 1:
nucleolus
detail 2:
mitochondrium (crista-type)
Detail 3: rough
endoplasmic Reticulum (RER)
plasma cell  6 from 
T. pharyngea (human)
detail 1:
Lipofuscin-vesicle
detail 2:
RER
dilated RER plasma cell 
T. pharyngea (human)
detail: primary lysosome,
rough endoplasmic reticulum
other plasma cell of the lamina
propria mucosae of the colon (rat)
plasma cell
salivary gland (rat)
detail: centriol,
Golgi-apparatus
plasma cell
(monkey)
plasma cells of the Lamina propria
mucosae of the colon (Rat)
4 plasma cells near to a
non-myelinated nerve
detail thereof:
single plasma cell
plasma cells close
to a venole (monkey)
perivascular free connective tissue
cells + a plasma cell (monkey)
plasma cells of the Lamina propria
mucosae of the colon (rat)
the next details are
from this plasma cell (rat)
detail: nucleus showing
"spokes of a wheel" structure
detail: Mitochondrium
of the crista-type
detail:
 nuclear pore
Plasma cells (also called Plasmocytes; Plasmacytes; Terminologia histologica: Plasmocyti) are free cells of connective tissue able to move slowly through the latter. Plasma cells are mature and active B-lymphocytes synthetising immunglobulins (Ig). Their prominent rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) nearly only produces these Ig. Typically it is considerably widened on several locations. A plasma cell always only releases a single Ig, i.e. monoklonal antibody, specific for only one epitope of an antigen. It is most probable that Ig are leaving the RER, diffuse throug the cytoplasm to be carrierd out of the cell by transmembrane carrier proteins in the cell membrane since vesicles typical for exocytosis or storage of secretion products are practically never observable. Further exocytosis is not detectable and the Golgi-apparatuses seem too small compared to RER for a fast enough modification of Ig. The nucleus shows a typical "spokes of a wheel" structure when centrally cut with nucleolus associated heterochromatin in the centre surrounded by a ring of low electron dense euchromatin. Further nuclear membrane associated heterochromatin shows wide spaces for a quick penetration of mRNA through the nuclear pores resulting in low electron dense "spokes of a wheel". Plasma cells degenerate when not stimulated for several days/weeks. In general plasma cells are located close to blood vessels. Some of the synthetised Igs of type E (IgE) stimulate mast cells and thus support inflammation others directly serve for attack of antigens (humoral defense).

--> blood cells, lymphocytes, rough endoplasmic reticulum, bone marrow, connective tissue, mast cells, macrophages, heterochromatin
--> Electron microscopic atlas Overview
--> Homepage of the workshop


Three pictures were kindly provided by Prof. H. Wartenberg; other images, page & copyright H. Jastrow.